Scientific background


Arokoski JP, Kankaanpää M, Valta T, Juvonen I, Partanen J, Taimela S, et al. Back and hip extensor muscle function during therapeutic exercises. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1999; 80: 842‐850.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Webber CL, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Lumbar paraspinal muscle fatigability in repetitive isoinertial loading: EMG spectral indices, Borg scale and endurance time. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1997; 76: 236‐242.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Airaksinen O. Reference change limits of the paraspinal spectral EMG in evaluation of low back rehabilitation. Pathophysiology 1998; 5: 217‐224.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Laaksonen D, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Back and hip extensor fatigability in chronic low back pain patients and controls. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1998; 79: 412‐417.

Kankaanpää M, Laaksonen D, Taimela S, Kokko SM, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Age, sex and body mass index as determinants of back and hip extensor fatigue in isometric Sørensen back endurance test. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1998; 79: 1069‐1075.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Airaksinen O, Hänninen O. The efficacy of active rehabilitation in chronic low back pain. Effect on pain intensity, self‐experienced disability and lumbar fatigability. Spine 1999; 24: 1034‐1042.

Käser L, Mannion A, Rhyner A, Weber E, Dvorak J, Müntener M. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Pack Pain Part 2. Effects on Paraspinal Muscle Cross‐Setional Area, Fiber Type Size, and Distribution. Spine 2001; 26: 909‐919.

Kujala UM, Taimela S, Videman T, Battie MC, Viljanen T. Physical loading and performance as predictors of back pain in healthy adults. A 5‐year prospective study. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1996; 73:452‐458.

Kujala UM, Oksanen A, Taimela S, Salminen JJ. Training does not increase maximal extension position of the healthy back. Clin. Biomech. 1997; 12: 181‐184.

Laurén H, Luoto S, Alaranta H, Taimela S, Hurri H, Heliövaara M. Arm motion speed and risk of neck pain. Spine 1997; 22: 2094‐2099.

Leinonen V, Kankanpää M, Luukkonen M, Hänninen O, Airaksinen O, Taimela S. Disc Herniation‐Related Back Pain Impairs Feed‐Forward Control of Paraspinal Muscles. Spine 2001; 26(16): E367‐72.

Leinonen V, Määttä S, Taimela S, Herno A, Kankaanpää M, Partanen J, Kansanen M, Hänninen O, Airaksinen O. Impaired Lumbar Movement Perception in Association with Postural Stability and Motor‐ and Somatosensory‐Evoked Potentials in Lumbar Spine Stenosis. Spine 2002; 27: 975‐983.

Leinonen V, Kankaanpää M, Hänninen O, Airaksinen O, Taimela S. Paraspinal muscle responses during sudden upper limb loading. Eur J Appl Physiol (2002) 88: 42–49.

Leinonen V, MD, Kankaanpää M, DMSc, Luukkonen M, MD, Kansanen M, DMSc, Hänninen O, DMSc, PhD, Airaksinen O, DMSc, and Taimela S, DMSc. Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Function, Perception of Lumbar Position, and Postural Control in Disc Herniation‐Related Back Pain. SPINE 2003; Volume 28, Number 8, pp 842–848.

Luoto S, Taimela S, Hurri H, Aalto H, Pyykkö I, Alaranta H. Psychomotor speed and postural control in chronic low‐back patients: A controlled follow‐up study. Spine 1996; 21: 2621‐2627.

Luoto S, Aalto H, Taimela S, Hurri H, Pyykkö I, Alaranta H. One‐footed and externally disturbed two‐footed postural control in patients with chronic low back pain and healthy control subjects. A controlled study with follow‐up. Spine 1998; 23: 2081‐2089, discussion 2089‐2090.

Luoto S, Taimela S, Hurri H, Alaranta H. Mechanisms explaining the association between low back trouble and deficits in information processing. A controlled study with follow‐up. Spine 1999; 24:255‐261.

Mannion AF, Muntener M, Taimela S, Dvorak J. Volvo 1999 award: A randomized clinical trial of three active therapies for chronic low back pain. Spine 1999; 24: 2435‐2448.

Mannion AF, Muntener M, Taimela S, Dvorak J. Comparison of Three Active Therapies for Chronic Low Back Pain: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial with One‐year Follow‐up. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2001 Jul; 40(7): 772‐8.

Mannion A, Taimela S, Müntener M, Dvorak J. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain 1. Effect on Back Muscle Activation, Fatigability, and Strength. Spine 2001; 26: 897‐908.

Mannion A, Junge A, Tamela S, Müntener M, Lorenzo K, Dvorak J. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Pack Pain Part 3. Factors Influencing Self‐Rated Disability and Its Change Following Therapy. Spine 2001; 26: 920‐929.

Müller G, Pfinder M, Clement M, Kaiserauer A, Deis G, Waber T, Rieger S, Schwarz D, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Straif M, Bös K, Kohlmann T. Therapeutic and economic effects of multimodal back exercise: A controlled multicentre study. J Rehabil Med. 2018 Nov 8. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2497.

Peltonen JE, Taimela S, Erkintalo M, Salminen JJ, Oksanen A, Kujala UM. Back extensor and psoas muscle cross‐sectional area, prior physical training and trunk muscle strength ‐ a longitudinal study in adolescent girls. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1998; 77: 66‐71.

Peolsson A, Oberg B, Hedlund R. Intra‐ and Inter‐Tester Reliablility and Reference Values for Isometric Neck Strength; Physiother Res Int 2001; 6(1): 15‐26.

Rissanen A, Heliövaara M, Alaranta H, Taimela S, Mälkiä E, Knekt P, Reunanen A, Aromaa A. Does Good Trunk Extensor Performance Protect Against Back‐Releated Work Disability? J Rehabil Med 2002; 34: 62‐66.

Taimela S, Härkäpää K. Strength, mobility, their changes and pain reduction in active functional restoration for chronic low back disorders. J. Spin. Disord. 1996; 9: 306‐312.

Taimela S, Kujala UM, Salminen JJ, Viljanen T. The prevalence of low‐back pain among children and adolescents ‐ A nation‐wide cohort‐based questionnaire survey in Finland. Spine 1997; 22: 1132‐1136.

Taimela S. Chronische Schmerzen des unteren Rückens. Prinzipen und prognostische Faktoren
gymnastischer Ûbungen. Manuelle Medizin, 1997; 35: 194‐205.

Taimela S, Kankaanpää M, Airaksinen OV. A submaximal back endurance test utilising subjective perception of low back fatigue. Scand. J. Rehab. Med. 1998; 30: 107‐112.

Taimela S, Kankaanpää M, Luoto S. The effect of lumbar fatigue on the ability to sense a change in lumbar position. A controlled study. Spine 1999; 24: 1322‐1327.

Taimela S, Didrich C, Heinrichy M. The role of physical exercise inactivity on low back pain recurrence and absenteeism from work after active outpatient rehabilitation for recurrent‐chronic LBP: A follow‐up study. Spine 2000; 25: 1809‐1816.

Taimela S, Takala E‐P, Asklöf T, Seppälä K, Parviainen S. Active treatment of chronic neck trouble: A prospective randomized intervention with multi‐modal treatment emphasizing proprioceptive training, neck lecture and activated home exercises, and neck lecture with a recommendation of exercise. Spine 2000; 25: 1021‐1027.

Taimela S, Negrini S, Paroli C. Functional rehabilitation of low back disorders. Eur Med Phys 2004; 40: 29‐36.

Timonen L, Rantanen T, Ryynänen O-P, Taimela S, Timonen T.E., Sulkava R. A randomized controlled trial of rehabilitation after hospitalization in frail older women: effects on strength, balance and mobility. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2002: 12: 186–192.

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy (Drs Langella, Vanni, Damilano, and Berjano); OrthoSpine, Monza, Italy (Messrs Boido and Basso and Ms Bassi); and Casa di Cura “Sileno e Anna Rizzola,” San Donà di Piave, Venezia, Italy (Dr Biber). Active, Targeted, and Measured Device-Based Therapy for Low Back Pain with the David Spine Concept. Journal of Geriatric Rehabilitation 2021